Research Series 535: Arkansas Animal Science Report 2005
Zelpha B. Johnson and D. Wayne Kellogg, editors

Cover and front matter (includinig table of contents)
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Feeding Direct-Fed Microbials to Piglets from Lactation Through the Nursery Phase on Nursery Pig Performance
D.C. Brown, M.S. Dirain, M.E. Davis, C.V. Maxwell, Z.B. Johnson, and T. Rehberger
Pages 11-14
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Potential for Golden Cheese Blend as a Protein Source for Nursery Diets
C.V. Maxwell, D.C Brown, M.E. Davis, and Z.B. Johnson
Pages 15-20
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The Influence of Two Different Management Systems on Growth Performance and Blood Leukocytes in
Newly Weaned Pigs
D.C Brown, C.V. Maxwell, G.F. Erf, M.E. Davis, S. Singh, and Z.B. Johnson
Pages 21-24
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Relationship Between Performance Test Traits and Age at First Farrowing in Four Breeds of Swine
Z.B. Johnson, J.J. Chewning, and R.A. Nugent, III
Pages 25-29
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Effects of Dietary Fat Source and Length of Fat Consumption on Performance and Carcass Composition of
Growing-Finishing Swine
J.K. Apple, C.V. Maxwell, Jr., L.K. Rakes, S. Hutchison, W.A. Wallis, J.D. Stephenson, and Z.B. Johnson
Pages 30-34
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Effects of Dietary Fat Source and Length of Fat Consumption on Degree of
Unsaturation of Carcass Composite Samples
J.K. Apple, C.V. Maxwell, Jr., L.K. Rakes, D. Galloway, and S. Hutchison
Pages 35-38
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A Surgical Method of Obtaining Liver Biopsies from Adult Swine for Use in Mineral Analysis
J.G. Powell, K.E. Washburn, C.V. Maxwell, E.B. Kegley
Pages 39-41
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A Six-Year Compilation of Carcass Traits from the Arkansas/Oklahoma State Fair
J. Sawyer, J.K. Apple, R.T. Baublits
Pages 42-45
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Impact of Categorizing Market Value and Gross Return of Calves Enrolled in the Arkansas Steer Feedout Program on Performance and Carcass Characteristics
M.S. Gadberry, T.R. Troxel, D. Kratz, and S. Cline
Pages 46-49
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Arkansas Steer Feedout Program 2003-2004
T. Troxel, S. Gadberry, S. Cline, J. Powell, A. Beuerman, J. Gunsaulis, R. Dollar, and D. Kratz
Pages 50-52
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Effects of Herd Size on Production Costs and Returns for Farms Enrolled in the Arkansas Beef Improvement Program
J.T. Richeson, M.S. Gadberry, and T.R. Troxel
Pages 53-55
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2004 Dairy Herd Improvement Program in Arkansas
J.A. Pennington
Pages 56-57
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DairyMetrics for Arkansas Herds in 2005
J.A. Pennington
Pages 58-61
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Factors Affecting Udder Singeing in Dairy Cattle
T.W. Harrington, J.A. Pennington, Z.B. Johnson, A.H. Brown, D.W. Kellogg, C.F. Rosenkrans,
M.C. Andrews, and J.A. Hawkins
Pages 63-68
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Influence of Social Hierarchy on the Expression of Estrus and Subsequent Fertility of Dairy Heifers
D.A. Elkins and R.W. Rorie
Pages 67-68
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Mineral Concentrations of Tall Fescue Fertilized With Different Swine Manure Treatments and Harvested On Four Dates
K.P. Coffey, R.K. Ogden, M.J. Alman, W.K. Coblentz, J.K. Reynolds, and C.V. Maxwell
Pages 69-71
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Solubility of Macrominerals from Tall Fescue Fertilized with Different Swine Manure Treatments and Harvested on Four Dates
R.K. Ogden, M.J. Alman, K.P. Coffey, W.K. Coblentz, J.K. Reynolds, and C.V. Maxwell
Pages 72-76
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The Establishment and Survival of Legumes on a Blackland Prairie Soil
B. Stewart and K. Cassida
Pages 77-79
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No-till, Reduced Tillage, and Conventional Tillage Systems for Small-grain Forage Production
M.T. Bowman, P.A. Beck, K.S. Lusby, S.A. Gunter, and D.S. Hubbell III
Pages 80-82
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Fall-Growth Potential of Cereal-Grain Forages
J.L. Gunsaulis, W.K. Coblentz, R.K. Ogden, R.K. Bacon, K.P. Coffey, D.S. Hubbell, III, J.V. Skinner, Jr., R.W. Cox, and K.S. Lusby
Pages 83-87
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Estimating Degradable Intake Protein in Warm- and Cool-Season Pastures on Producer Farms in Northern Arkansas
W.K. Coblentz, J.E. Turner, R.K. Ogden, K.P. Coffey, F.W. Pohlman, A.H. Brown, Jr, M.B. Daniels, J.L. Gunsaulis,
M.L. Thomas, C.A. Wells, and R.E. Morrow
Pages 88-91
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Evaluation of Dry Matter Loss, Nutritive Value, and In Situ Dry Matter Disappearance for Wilting Bermudagrass Forages Damaged by Rainfall
D.A. Scarbrough, W.K. Coblentz, J.B. Humphry, K.P. Coffey, T.C. Daniel, T.J. Sauer, J.A. Jennings,
J.E. Turner, and D.W. Kellogg
Pages 92-95
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Influence of Crude Protein Content of Bermudagrass Hay on In Vitro Organic Matter Digestibility and the Arkansas TDN Equation
M.S. Gadberry, T.R. Troxel, J.A. Jennings, and G.V. Davis
Pages 96-98
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Using Novel Endophyte Tall Fescues for Stocker Cattle
Paul Beck, Stacey Gunter, Keith Lusby, Chuck West, and Don Hubbell III
Pages 99-101
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Growth Performance by Fall-Calving Cows Grazing Tall Fescue Pastures with Different Proportions Stockpiled Until Late Fall
J.D. Caldwell, K.P. Coffey, W.K. Coblentz, R.K. Ogden, J.A. Jennings, T.F. Smith, and D.S. Hubbell, III
Pages 102-104
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Level and Source of Supplemental Selenium for Beef Steers
R.S. Fry, E.B. Kegley, M.E. Davis, M.D. Ratcliff, D.L. Galloway,and R.A. Dvorak
Pages 105-108
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Growth, Feedlot Performance, and Carcass Characteristics of Angus and Charolais-sired Calves Castrated at Birth or Weaning
M.L. Looper, J.M. Burke, L.J. McBeth, C.R. Krehbiel, R. Flores, C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr., and G.E. Aiken
Pages 109-111
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Assessment of the Impact of Castration upon Arrival on Long-Term Growth Performance of Stocker Cattle
M.D. Ratcliff, E.B. Kegley, K.S. Lusby, S.A. Gunter, L.B. Daniels,,and D.S. Hubbell, III
Pages 112-114
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Effect of Method and Timing of Castration on Newly Arrived Stocker Cattle
M.D. Ratcliff, E.B. Kegley, S.L. Krumpelman, and J.A. Hornsby
Pages 115-117
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Association of Mitochondrial Function with Feed Efficiency in Angus Cattle
B.A. Sandelin, A.H. Brown, Jr., M.A. Brown, C. Ojano-Dirain, and R.T. Baublits
Pages 118-121
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Effects of Climatic and Photoperiodic Conditions Prior to Feeding on Feed Intake of Beef Bulls During
Post-Weaning Feedlot Performance Tests
G.T. Tabler, Jr., A.H. Brown, Jr., E.E. Gbur, Jr., I.L. Berry, Z.B. Johnson, D.W. Kellogg, and K.C. Thompson
Pages 122-128
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Effects of Climate and Photoperiod on Feed Intake of Beef Bulls During Feedlot Performance Tests
G.T. Tabler, Jr., A.H. Brown, Jr., E.E. Gbur, Jr., I.L. Berry, Z.B. Johnson, K.C. Thompson, and D.W. Kellogg
Pages 129-132
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Effects of Environmental Factors on Feed Intake of Three Breeds of Beef Bulls During Post-Weaning Feedlot Performance Tests
G.T. Tabler, Jr., A.H. Brown, Jr., E.E. Gbur, Jr., I.L. Berry, Z.B. Johnson, D.W. Kellogg, and K.C. Thompson
Pages 133-137
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Ability of Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy to Predict Fat, Cholesterol, and Caloric Content of Fresh and Cooked Ground Beef
J. Kandaswamy, J.K. Apple, and S.G. Bajwa
Pages 138-141
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Microbial Characteristics of Ground Beef Treated with Potassium Lactate, Sodium Metasilicate, Peroxyacetic Acid, and Acidified Sodium Chlorite
F.W. Pohlman, P.N. Dias-Morse, G. Rajaratnam
Pages 142-144
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Sensory Properties of Ground Beef Processed from Beef Trimmings Treated with Potassium Lactate, Sodium Metasilicate, and Peroxyacetic Acid or Acidified Sodium Clorite
F.W. Pohlman, P.N. Dias-Morse, R.T. Baublits
Pages 145-147
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Effects of Enhancement with Varying Phosphate Types and Concentrations at Two Pump Rates on Beef Biceps Femoris Quality and Sensory Characteristics
R.T. Baublits, F.W. Pohlman, A.H. Brown, Jr., and Z.B. Johnson
Pages 148-153
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Effects of Enhancement with Varying Phosphate Types and Concentrations at Two Pump Rates on Beef Biceps Femoris Instrumental Color Characteristics
R.T. Baublits, F.W. Pohlman, A.H. Brown, Jr., and Z.B. Johnson
Pages 154-159
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