Research Series 507

Summaries of Arkansas Cotton Research 2002
Derrick M. Oosterhuis, editor

Cover and front matter
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University of Arkansas Cotton Breeding Program – 2002 Progress Report
Fred M. Bourland
Pages 19-22
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Arkansas Planting and Tillage Trends
William C. Robertson
Pages 23-25
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Genetic Diversity of Arborescent Gossypium Species Based on RAPDs and AFLPs
Chunda Feng, James McD. Stewart, and Mauricio Ulloa
Pages 26-31
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Comparisons of Stacked-Gene and Glyphosate-Resistant Cotton Cultivars: Arkansas 2002
Kelly J. Bryant, William C. Robertson, and George Hackman
Pages 32-34
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Transgenic and Conventional Cotton Production Systems Evaluation
Kelly J. Bryant, Chris Tingle, Jeremy Greene, Glenn Studebaker, Chuck Capps, Frank Groves, and Ken Smith
Pages 35-40
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Hybridization of Exotic Cotton Germplasm Carrying Resistance to Reniform Nematode
Nilesh D. Dighe, James McD. Stewart, and Robert T. Robbins
Pages 41-44
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Histopathology of Reniform Nematode on Gossypium longicalyx and Interspecific Cotton Hybrids
Paula Agudelo, A. Forest Robinson, James McD. Stewart, and Robert T. Robbins
Pages 45-48
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Weed Management Programs with Trifloxysulfuron (Envoke®) in Cotton
Marilyn R. McClelland, Jim L. Barrentine, and Oscar C. Sparks
Pages 49-54
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Glyphosate- and Trifloxysulfuron-Based Weed Control Programs in Roundup Ready® Cotton
Oscar C. Sparks, Jim L. Barrentine, and Marilyn R. McClelland
Pages 55-59
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The Effect of Seeding Rate and Glyphosate Application Timing and Rate on Fruiting Patterns and Yield of Roundup Ready® Cotton
Oscar C. Sparks, Jim L. Barrentine, and Marilyn R. McClelland
Pages 60-66
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Glyphosate (Roundup Weathermax®) Tank-Mix Partners in Roundup Ready® Cotton
Oscar C. Sparks, Jim L. Barrentine, and Marilyn R. McClelland
Pages 67-70
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Biology and Control of Yellow Nutsedge in Cotton
Frank E. Groves, Kenneth L. Smith, Nilda R. Burgos, and J. Brad Murphy
Pages 71-73
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Using an Integrated Pest Management Rotational Crop Program to Suppress Reniform Nematode
Donald E. Plunkett, Terence L. Kirkpatrick, Brandy Harmon, Ron Matlock, William C. Robertson, and Jeremy Ross
Pages 74-79
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Varietal Responses of Cotton to Nitrogen Fertilization
J. Scott McConnell, Bryan A. Myers, and Morteza Mozaffari
Pages 80-83
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Long-Term Irrigation Methods and Nitrogen Fertilization Rates in Cotton Production: The Last Three Years of
the McConnell -Mitchell Plots
J. Scott McConnell, Bryan A. Myers, and Morteza Mozaffari
Pages 84-89
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Nitrogen Fertilization of Ultra-Narrow-Row Cotton: Final Report
J. Scott McConnell, Morteza Mozaffari, Bryan A. Myers, Robert E. Glover, and Ray Benson
Pages 90-93
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Foliar Fertilization of Cotton
William C. Robertson, Leo Espinoza, and Brian Weatherford
Pages 94-98
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Cotton Response to Nitrogen Fertilization in a Silt Loam
Morteza Mozaffari, Michelle A. Henslee, Nathan A. Slaton, J. Scott McConnell, Edwin Evans, and Claude Kennedy
Pages 99-103
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Yield and Physiological Response of Dryland and Irrigated Cotton to Potassium Fertilization: A Four-Year Summary
Dennis L. Coker, Derrick M. Oosterhuis, and Robert S. Brown
Pages 104-110
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Cotton Response to Potassium and Phosphorus Fertilization in a Silt Loam
Morteza Mozaffari, Michelle A. Henslee, Nathan A. Slaton, J. Scott McConnell, Edwin Evans, and Claude Kennedy
Pages 111-116
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Effect of Soil- and Foliar-Applied Boron on the Physiology and Yield of Cotton Under Two Nitrogen Regimes
Derrick M. Oosterhuis, Robert S. Brown, and Dennis L. Coker
Pages 117-120
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Field Test of a New Cotton Petiole Monitoring Technique
Derrick M. Oosterhuis, Dennis L. Coker, and Donald E. Plunkett
Pages 121-128
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Determining the Optimum Timing for the Final Irrigation on Arkansas Cotton
Earl Vories, Jeremy Greene, Tina G. Teague, William C. Robertson, and Phil Tacker
Pages 129-134
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Comparing the Last Effective Boll Populations in UNR and Conventional Cotton
Earl D. Vories and Robert E. Glover
Pages 135-140
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Improving Cotton Irrigation Scheduling in Arkansas
Earl D. Vories, Phil L. Tacker, and Robert E. Glover
Pages 141-146
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Estimating the Cost of Delaying Irrigation for Cotton on Clay Soils
Earl D. Vories, Robert E. Glover, Kelly J. Bryant, and Phil L. Tacker
Pages 147-152
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Characterization of Cotton Gene Expression Related to Trehalose and Proline Metabolism in Response to Water-Deficit Stress
Cassandra R. Meek, James McD. Stewart, and Derrick M. Oosterhuis
Pages 153-156
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Effect of Extreme Night Temperatures on Boll Growth and Yield
L. Milenka Arevalo, Derrick M. Oosterhuis, Dennis L. Coker, and Robert S. Brown
Pages 157-162
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Yield Component Comparison of Modern Versus Obsolete Cultivars for Explaining Yield Stagnation and Variability
Robert S. Brown, Derrick M. Oosterhuis, Dennis L. Coker, and L. Milenka Arevalo
Pages 163-167
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A Physiological Comparison of Modern Versus Obsolete Cultivars Under Water-Deficit Stress
Robert S. Brown, Derrick M. Oosterhuis, and Dennis L. Coker
Pages 168-172
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Cotton Response to Foliar-Applied Messenger® Under Conditions of Water-Deficit Stress and Potassium Deficiency
Derrick M. Oosterhuis, Dennis L. Coker, and Robert S. Brown
Pages 173-180
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Evaluation of Messenger™ in Cotton
William C. Robertson and Brian Weatherford
Pages 181-185
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Evaluation of Plant Growth Regulators on the Yield and Fiber Quality of Cotton
Derrick M. Oosterhuis, Robert S. Brown, Dennis L. Coker, and L. Milenka Arevalo
Pages 186-190
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Effects of Bacillus cereus on Cotton Growth and Yield and the Development of PGR-IV Plus
Derrick M. Oosterhuis and Joseph Hickey
Pages 191-196
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Increased Efficacy of Bt Cotton with Chaperone™
Derrick M. Oosterhuis and Robert S. Brown
Pages 197-203
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Susceptibility of Noctuids to Bt-Endotoxins in Arkansas
M. Ibriham Ali, R.G.. Luttrell, Seth Y. Young, III, Allen Szalanski, K. Clint Allen, and L.T. Luttrell
Pages 204-208
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Effects of Trimax™ on the Physiology, Growth, and Yield of Cotton
Derrick M. Oosterhuis and Robert S. Brown
Pages 209-214
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Chitosanase May Enhance Anti-Fungal Defense Responses
Bill Hendrix and James McD. Stewart
Pages 215-217
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Cotton Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) Treatment Threshold Incorporating Natural Enemies in Arkansas Cotton
Hugh E. Conway, Donald C. Steinkraus, and Timothy J. Kring
Pages 218-231
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A Decade of the Cotton Aphid Fungus Sampling Service
Donald C. Steinkraus, Gabriele Boys, and Gus M. Lorenz, III
Pages 226-231
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Control Options for Tarnished Plant Bug, Lygus lineolaris
Jeremy K. Greene and Chuck Capps
Pages 232-237
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Efficacy of Select Insecticides and Tankmixes on the Tarnished Plant Bug
Donald R. Johnson, Gus M. Lorenz, III, Glenn E. Studebaker, and Kenneth D. Walsh
Pages 238-240
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Duration of Feeding by Tarnished Plant Bug on Small Bolls and Impact on Yield and Fiber Quality
Jeremy K. Greene and Chuck Capps
Pages 241-244
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Changes in Cotton Fruiting Dynamics Following Pre-Flower Injury From Tarnished Plant Bug
Tina Gray Teague, Diana M. Danforth, and Eric J. Villavaso
Pages 245-253
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Control Options for Thrips in Southeast Arkansas
Jeremy K. Greene, Chuck Capps, Bryan Myers, and Jack Reed
Pages 254-258
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Simulating Insect Injury with Emphasis on Stink Bugs
Jeremy K. Greene and Chuck D. Capps
Pafges 259-263
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Insecticide Efficacy on Stink Bugs – 2002
Jeremy K. Greene and Chuck D. Capps
Pages 264-269
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Pheromone Trapping of Stink Bugs
Jeremy K. Greene and Chuck D. Capps
Pages 270-273
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Thrips Management in Arkansas Cotton
Glenn E. Studebaker, Donald R. Johnson, Gus M. Lorenz, and Kenneth D. Walsh
Pages 274-277
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Treatment Thresholds for Stink Bugs
Jeremy K. Greene and Chuck D. Capps
Pages 278-281
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Production of Helicoverpa zea on Corn, Cotton, Soybean, and Grain Sorghum: Implications for Managing Insect Resistance to Bt Cotton
R.G. Luttrell, Dick Hardee, Marvin Wall, John Smith, Grayson Lindley, Thad Freeland, and Clint Allen
Pages 282-289
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Bollgard II® Efficacy on the Heliothine Complex
Donald R. Johnson, Gus M. Lorenz, III, and Kenneth D. Walsh
Pages 290-293
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Pest Management Strategic Plan for the Mid-South Production Region
Ples Spradley, Elmo Collum, and Matt Shipp
Pages 294-296
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Evaluation of Insecticide Termination Decisions in Southeast Arkansas
Jeremy K. Greene and Chuck D. Capps
Pages 297-300
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Evaluation of an Upper Temperature Limit in Heat Unit Calculations for Use in COTMAN End-of-Season Decisions
L. Milenka Arevalo, Derrick M. Oosterhuis, Dennis L. Coker, and Robert S. Brown
Pagfes 301-305
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Defoliation Timing Based on Heat Units Beyond Cutout
William C. Robertson, Brian Weatherford, and Fred M. Bourland
Pages 306-308
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County-Based Early Warning Program for Micronaire Estimation Utilizing the Hal Lewis Procedures for Predicting Field Micronaire
William C. Robertson, Brian Weatherford, and Fred M. Bourland
Pages 309-310
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Examination of Production and COTMAN Records on a Large Arkansas Farm: A Foundation for Area-Wide Insect Management
R.G. Luttrell, Tina G. Teague, Mandy McFall, Diana M. Danforth, David Wildy, Dale Wells, Clint Allen, Jeremy K. Greene, Gus Lorenz, and Patricia F. O’Leary
Pages 311-315
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Using Multispectral Imagery to Identify Stressed Cotton as a Means to Improve Cotton Profitability
Katy S. Sisk, Clint W. Jayroe, William H. Baker, Jennie S. Popp, Donald E. Plunkett, Terry L. Kirkpatrick, and H. Scott Styles
Pages 316-323
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2002 CRVP Demonstrations
Donald E. Plunkett, William C. Robertson, and Kelly J. Bryant
Pages 324-333
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Appendix I
Student Theses and Dissertations Related to Cotton in Progress in 2002
Pages 334-335
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Appendix II
Research and Extension 2002 Cotton Publications
Pages 336-346
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